Jakarta-The 2nd Thought Leader Forum activity that was held at Grand Sahid Jaya Jakarta on 12-13 November 2019 was attended by the Ministry of Industry, the Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Investment of the Republic of Indonesia, Ministry of PUPR, KLHK, PT Chandra Asri Petrochemical, PT Polytama Propindo, Digital Waste Solution, Tomra, DOW Indonesia, PT Suntory Garuda Beverage, DKI Jakarta Provincial Government Sanitation Office, Commission VII DPR RI Environment & Energy, Indonesian Hotel and Restaurant Association, PT Kemasan Cipta Group, Jakpro, Bumiresik, Repal, ITB Energy Policy Center, PT Enviro Total Solusi as one of the sponsors and led by moderator Dr. Lina Tri Mugi Astuti, S.E., M.M, with the theme “The Role and Contribution of Corporations in Supporting Partnership Synergy in Integrated and Sustainable Management of Industry-based Waste 4.0”.
Waste generation in Indonesia continues to increase every year in line with increasing population growth. According to KLHK “Prediction of the amount of waste generation in Indonesia reaches 68 million tons per day” (12/11/19). Thus the need for proper waste management efforts so that the waste generation can be handled properly. The policy of reducing waste 30% and handling waste 70% by 2025, needs support from all parties ranging from intergovernmental, industry to the community that collaborates with the partnership model.
The focus now is how to manage plastic waste that is difficult to decompose and requires special handling. Chandra Asih “Basically, plastics are not enemies to be avoided, plastic is designed to be used many times” (12/11/19). But the mindset of people who think that plastic is cheap and easy to obtain makes the assumption that plastic can only be used once and then discarded. For this reason, it is necessary to continuously educate all stakeholders about “plastic” and how to handle it after it is used.
Digital Waste Solution “The role of digital-based technology is also needed to accelerate waste reduction and handling efforts” (12/11/19). Implementation of technology requires collaboration between relevant stakeholders in order to form a good supply chain and value chain in the future. The development of digital technology is not necessarily just to keep up with the times but also must be considered in terms of functionality so that the technology that has been made is not in vain.
In realizing integrated waste management it is necessary to form partnerships with the private sector but it is not enough to only rely on CSR but it needs the support of relevant stakeholders to be able to walk wisely. Therefore waste management programs must be seen as a circular economy and have business value. The circular economy is a new paradigm in the waste management process. Where waste is not only a burden and a problem for everyone who produces it, it can be of economic value and can create the realization of a sustainable economy from sustainable waste management.
As a case study:
DKI Jakarta as the region that produces the largest waste in Indonesia with an average generation of waste processed at Bantargebang TPST in 2019 amounted to 7708 tons/day with 60% sourced from households, 28% sourced from industrial activities and the rest sourced from public facilities such as market, school, and others. With garbage generation increasing every year, the Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta needs to immediately undertake massive movements in order to reduce the burden of waste entering Bantargebang TPST which is predicted to end in 2021.
One of the waste handling efforts undertaken by DKI Jakarta is the construction of the Intermediate Treatment Facility (ITF), which was built in the Sunter area, North Jakarta and will be built in three other locations spread across the South Jakarta, West Jakarta, and East Jakarta regions. Besides optimizing the Waste Garbage Power Plant that has been built at the Bantargebang TPST with an incinerator of 100 tons/day. Another is the planning of utilizing landfill mining as an alternative fuel for the cement industry taken from the active zone.
Dr. Lina Tri Mugi Astuti, S.E., M.M “The key to the success of sustainable waste management in Indonesia is the need to increase public awareness in sorting waste that starts from yourself and the surrounding environment” (13/11/19). The sorting effort also needs to be supported by optimizing government socialization to the community by providing examples of good waste sorting behavior so that it becomes a reference for the community’s views in sorting.