Indonesia Successfully Reduces Consumption of Ozone Damaging Materials

Ruandha Agung Sugardiman, Director General of Climate Change Control, is optimistic that developing countries have begun to reduce HFC consumption in contributing to keeping the Earth’s temperature not increasing by more than 1.5 Celsius in 2100 compared to pre-industrial times.

The success of the Montreal Protocol in reducing consumption of Ozone Destructive Materials has been very significant, including Indonesia’s contribution to reducing BPO consumption, particularly HCFCs (hydro chloro fluoro carbon) from 2013 to 2018 of 124.36 ODP (Ozone Depleting Substances) tons.

This was conveyed by Ruandha Agung Sugardiman, Director General of Climate Change Control at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) in her remarks when opening the Workshop on HFC Enabling Activities for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol in Jakarta, Thursday (02/28/2019).

According to him, this success can be achieved by replacing the type of HCFC BPO with alternative materials that are more ozone-friendly and also friendly to climate change that we know as BROCCOLI (free of bromine, chlorine and pro-climate).

Although HFCs are also used as an alternative to HCFCs, the selection of HFCs has taken into account the potential of global warming.

The selected HFCs are classified as a group of low global warming potential values (smaller than 750).

Several types of HFCs that have high global warming potential values, previously also been used in Indonesia as a substitute for CFC-type Ozone Destruction, among others, are HFC-134a which is widely used as a cooling material in refrigerators, car air conditioners and some building cooling machines.

HFC-410A which is widely used as a coolant for split air conditioners and commercial air conditioners and HFC-404A which is widely used as a cooling material in refrigeration warehouses in the fishing industry.

Until now, the Montreal Technology and Economic Panel (TEAP) has continued its efforts to conduct research related to BROCCOLI materials and incentives for developing countries.

“It is expected that by 2024, developing countries have begun to reduce HFC consumption in contributing to keeping the Earth’s temperature not increase by more than 1.5 Celsius in 2100 compared to the pre-industrial period,” Ruandha said.

In the Kigali Amendment for Group 1 developing countries, where Indonesia is included in the group, the target for decreasing HFC consumption in Indonesia is to be freeze in 2024, a 10% reduction from the baseline in 2029, 30% from the baseline in 2035, 50% from baseline in 2040, and 80% from the baseline in 2045.

The target of elimination can be achieved by the transfer of technology in the manufacturing and service sectors.

The implementation of technology transfer is deemed necessary to consider HFC replacement materials that have competitive prices and are widely available in the market.

The Ministry of Industry as a supervisor of the industrial sector needs to facilitate the industry in seeking HFC replacement technology so that the products produced by the industry remain competitive and have competitiveness by considering environmental and safety aspects.

“With this workshop, it is expected that the industry will begin to think about a schedule for deleting and using the right technology as a substitute for HFCs,” he said.

The Directorate General of Climate Change Control of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) as the Montreal Focal Point National Protocol held a Workshop on HFC Enabling Activities in the Framework of the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

The Montreal Protocol is one of the international agreements in the environmental field which aims to protect the ozone layer.

The Montreal Protocol has been amended several times due to the addition of regulatory provisions for the protection of the ozone layer.

Indonesia as one of the countries that have ratified the Montreal Protocol since 1992.

At the 28th Meeting of Parties, all States Parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed to amend the Montreal Protocol to include arrangements for reducing consumption of fluoro carbon (HFC) hydro which is a substitute for HCFC.

Because this agreement was adopted at a meeting in Kigali, Rwanda, the addition of HFC arrangements to the Montreal Protocol was called the Kigali Amendment.

“This workshop activity aims to prepare the steps of the Indonesian Government to ratify the Kigali Amendment, such as the preparation of an inventory of HFC material use in Indonesia,” Ruanda concluded.

Preparation of HFC import trading arrangements, including the regulation of import licenses and HFC HS Code, as well as the establishment of baseline HFC consumption in Indonesia in 2020, 2021 and 2022.

 

Source tropis.co

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