Hydrometeorological Disasters So Indications of Watersheds in Indonesia Have Been Damaged

Director General of IB Watershed Management. Putera Parthama stressed the need for cross-sectoral cooperation to restore watersheds in Indonesia.

Various disasters that occur, especially hydrometeorological disasters, are an indication that the watershed (DAS) in the country has been damaged. In Indonesia alone there are a total of 17,076 watersheds, of which 2,145 watersheds are classified as damaged / need to be restored, which is equivalent to 106,884,471 hectares. The area of critical land in Indonesia which is part of the damage to the watershed is approximately 14,006,450 hectares.

That fact was explained by the Director General of Watershed Management, IB. Putera Parthama at the National Movement for Recovery (GNP) Dissemination at the Soedjarwo Auditorium of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), Jakarta, Thursday (02/07/2019).

Putera stated that various disasters that occurred especially hydrometeorological disasters were an indication that the watershed in Indonesia had been damaged.

“This is true because the damage to the watershed is the beginning of various disasters, which if reviewed further, the cause of damage to the watershed comes from various sectors that are wrong in spatial planning and implementation.”

“This causes the way we put physical development and other land uses not in accordance with the carrying capacity and capacity of the environment,” he said.

In theory, the watershed is divided into three regions, namely upstream, middle and downstream. Each part must be managed synergistically between sectors by taking into account the characteristics of the area in the form of landscape attributes that include multi-aspects and involve many interests in the carrying capacity of available land resources.

The conceptual framework that is built must be clear and measurable of its potential success so that it cannot be borne by only one forestry sector and the environment. A comprehensive approach is needed through KISS (coordination, integration, synchronization, and synergy) across sectors.

“In accordance with the main tasks and functions, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry is responsible for handling the upstream section, so that the damaged watershed rehabilitation activities are the focus of our duties, this is an important part of watershed recovery, but this cannot eliminate all causes,” said Putera.

KLHK through the Directorate General of Watershed and Protected Forest Management, in 2019 will implement a Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program (RHL) which is part of the 206,000 hectare National Movement for Recovery of Watersheds located in 15 priority watersheds, 15 priority Lakes, 65 water catchment areas ( DTA) reservoirs, and disaster-prone areas scattered throughout Indonesia.

In accordance with the 2015-2019 RPJMN, priority watersheds include Citarum, Ciliwung, Cisadane, Serayu, Solo, Brantas, Asahan Toba, Siak, Musi, Way Sekampung, Way Seputih, Moyo, Kapuas, Jeneberang and Saddang.

While 15 priority lakes are Lake Toba, Singkarak, Maninjau, Kerinci, Rawadanau, Rawapening, Sentarum, Mahakam Kaskade (Semayang, Melintang, Jeumpang), Limboto, Tondano, Poso, Matano, Tempe, Batur, and Sentani.

On the other hand, the GNP DAS, which was declared by the Minister of Environment and Forestry on December 29, 2018, is one effort to assemble efforts to restore cross-sector watersheds through corrective actions on integrated program implementation, synergizing potential and strength across sectors, and optimize all the support of available resources around us.

One of the expected synergies in this GNP DAS is the synergy between spatial planning based on disaster mitigation carried out through the consolidation of development planning at the national and regional levels and the implementation of programmatic spatial policies through a watershed-based landscape approach.

Starting in 2019, according to the direction of the President, KLHK conducts seven corrective actions in watershed recovery, namely: first in restoring watersheds prioritizing priority watersheds and lakes, reservoir catchments (DTA) and disaster-prone areas.

The second is the involvement of the community since a year before the activity begins (T-1), so as to create jobs for the community starting from nurseries to planting and selecting seeds that are suitable with the needs of the community and the environment.

Furthermore, the third is by providing assistance from competent experts during the implementation of activities. The four conduct more effective monitoring by independent supervisors.

The fifth utilizes information technology (Sitar-Hutla application, based on Android) to monitor the progress of activities via satellite imagery.

The six intensive plant maintenance by paying attention to the principles of silviculture, to convert critical land into forests.

Seventh performs the priority of planting in locations that have stakeholders.

Source tropis.co

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